Efficacy of low-dose 5-fluorouracil/cisplatin therapy for invasive extramammary Paget’s disease

ABSTRACT

Extramammary Paget's disease (EMPD) is one of the cutaneous adenocarcinomas. The effective chemotherapy for advanced EMPD has not been established. This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of combination 5‐fluorouracil (500 mg/body, 7 days/week) and cisplatin (5 mg/body 5 days/week) for invasive EMPD. Seventeen EMPD patients with multiple metastases who visited our dermatology clinic between October 2004 and May 2016 (mean age, 76.9 years; 10 men, seven women) were retrospectively analyzed. Eight EMPD patients underwent low‐dose 5‐fluorouracil/cisplatin therapy and nine patients chose best supportive care. The average number of treatment cycles was 12.3. All patients had a confirmed response, four (50%) showed a partial response, two (25%) stable disease and two progressive disease. The median times to progression‐free and overall survival were 25.0 and 77.4 weeks, respectively. There was no severe (grade 3 and 4) adverse event. Although not significant, the survival of the patients treated with low‐dose 5‐fluorouracil/cisplatin therapy showed a trend toward improved survival as compared with best supportive care (P = 0.08, log–rank test). This regimen had low risk and relatively high disease control rate, suggesting that this regimen be recommended as one of the treatment options for advanced EMPD.